Introduction to Cervical Cancer

Introduction to Cervical Cancer

Cervix is a part of the lower uterus which opens in the vagina. It is also considered as the neck of the womb. In cervical cancer, the abnormal cells start multiplying and growing out of control inside the cervix. Cervical cancer can be detected in an early stage by the Pap Smear test. Cervical cancer screening is usually considered in the womenÂ’s regular health checkup. There are varied cervical cancer stages. One can prevent this condition, by just watching out for the early signs of cervical cancer. The cervical cancer survival rate purely depends upon the stage of cancer. An early detection at the early stage plays a pivotal role in the cervical cancer prognosis.

Causes of cervical cancer:

The causes and cervical cancer risk factors consist of

  • Chronic infection in HPV type patients
  • Taking birth control pills
  • Having many sexual partners
  • Early sexual contact
  • Smoking

Types of Cervical Cancer

There are two types of cervical cancer:

  1. Squamous cell carcinomas
  2. Adenocarcinomas

Cervical Cancer Treatment

The cervical cancer treatment options include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. The basis of treatment depends on several factors, like the stage of the cervical cancer, patient's age and health condition. The treatment for early stage cervical cancer is confined to the cervix. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy is considered for removing the cancer cells which are present even after the surgery.

Approximate cost of treating cervical cancer in India

The surgery for Cervical Cancer typically costs about $40,000 in India.

What is the average length of stay for cervical cancer treatment?

Patients need not stay in the hospital for treating cervical cancer. The process of radiation therapy and chemotherapy completely depends upon the number of sessions. In case of surgery, the patient needs to consult with the doctor depending upon the severity of cancer.

Cervical Cancer Symptoms

The symptoms of Cervical Cancer include:

  • Bleeding in between periods
  • Bleeding in post-menopausal women
  • Uneasiness during sexual intercourse
  • Foul vaginal discharge
  • Pelvic pain
  • Increased vaginal discharge

Post discharge care/Rehabilitation information

Dos and Don’ts

  • Each cancer case is unique, and you may need to avoid certain types of food.
  • Avoid alcohol intake
  • Avoid sugar-rich food items
  • Eating healthy

Regular follow up

  1. A regular follow-up is usually recommended post-surgery.
  2. There are no physical restrictions on activity after surgery. One can walk, climb stairs, lift, or exercise in a normal way.
  3. In case of any complications, one needs to get medical help immediately.
  4. The evaluation of the healing process is done after 3-4 weeks.

Taking medication as prescribed

Avoid taking medications or pain- killers in case of vaginal pain, constipation or diarrhoea. Consult your doctor for any ailment.

Dietary and lifestyle advice to be followed

  • After the surgery of cervical cancer, include vegetables and fruits in the diet.
  • Go for healthier protein sources
  • Drink the right amount of water.
  • Practice proper handling and cooking of food

Cervical Vaccine

The cervical cancer vaccine is recommended for young women who are between the ages of 15-25, for women over 26, regular cervical cancer screening is advised to prevent cervical cancer.