What is Blocked Fallopian Tube Treatment?
Fallopian tubes are one of the important organs of female reproductive system. The two tubes help in transferring the matured egg from ovaries to uterus. These tubes play a key role throughout the fertilization process. However, at times, these tubes get blocked and hence it becomes impossible for eggs to reach the uterus which may become the cause of female infertility. These blocked fallopian tubes can be treated by a surgical intervention.
Causes of Blocked Fallopian Tube
Some of the possible causes of blocked fallopian tubes are:
- Ruptured appendix
- Abortion or miscarriage in the past
- Uterine infection in past
- Contracted with STD infection in past or present
- Pelvic inflammatory disease
- Ectopic pregnancy in past
- Abdominal surgery in past
Methods for Treating Blocked Fallopian Tube:
Tubal Ligation Reversal: Tubal ligation reversal may help the women who have undergone tubal ligation (involving cutting or blocking the fallopian tubes to avoid pregnancy). The reversal procedure may restore fertility, if this doesn’t work then an IVF procedure is advised to the patient.
IVF – or In-vitro fertilization process is the most effective method of treating a blocked fallopian tube. Though IVF costs are comparatively more than costs of other treatments, it proves to be a ray of hope for a successful pregnancy and hence preferred by many patients.Following are the important steps in IVF.
- Ovulation Monitoring and Stimulation – Specialists monitor and stimulate the ovaries to produce eggs.
- Egg Retrieval – Eggs are retrieved from the woman’s body and shifted to a culture dish consisting of nutrient media before transferring to the incubator.
- Fertilization – A sperm sample from the partner or donor is mixed with or injected into the egg. Then it is placed in an incubator and monitored regularly.
- Embryo Transfer – This is a simple and final step in IVF. The healthiest embryo is transferred to the uterus through the vagina and cervix with the help of catheter.
Laparoscopic Surgery: This method works in case of double tube blockage. This surgery helps in treating infertility and further aids in a successful pregnancy.
Medicines: In case of single tubal blockage found during fertility test, physicians usually prescribe effective fertility drugs to patients to improve their chances of ovulation.
What is the average length of stay for Blocked Fallopian Tube Treatment?
During the blocked fallopian tube treatment, the patients are required to stay in hospital for 2 - 3 days post operation. The stay can be extended based on the patient’s condition.
Fallopian Tube Blockage Symptoms
The Blocked Fallopian Tube symptoms include:
- Pain during periods
- Pain during intercourse
- Pain during urination
- Lower abdominal pain
- Abnormal vaginal discharge
Indications of Blocked Fallopian Tube Surgery
The following are some of the indications in which blocked fallopian tube surgery is advised:
- Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
- Ruptured Appendix
- Past abdominal surgery
- Any past surgery pertaining to Fallopian Tubes
- Uterine infection in past
Blocked Fallopian Tube Complications
Complications of the blocked fallopian tubes surgery involve the uterus and fallopian tubes like abortion etc.
Post discharge care/Rehabilitation information
After the patient is discharged from the hospital, a post discharge consultation is done for explaining the dos and don’ts, dietary recommendations, etc.
Dos and Don’ts
- Avoid lifting heavy objects
- Avoid indulging in sexual activities for a few months
- Take medications as prescribed by the doctor
- Do not jerk, jump, run or undertake any activity that could leads to physical stress
- Take rest as much as possible
Regular follow up
- It is recommended that one should go for regular follow-ups post-surgery.
- Pursue the daily activities such as walking, climbing stairs, etc. in a normal way.
- In event of any medical complication, contact your physician immediately.
Dietary and Lifestyle Advice to be Followed
- With major diet and lifestyle changes, it takes few months to bring about real change in the body when living with blocked fallopian tubes.
- Intake of fruits and vegetables
- Intake of refined carbohydrates
- Follow an anti-inflammatory diet when dealing with blocked fallopian tubes.