CABG - Off Pump is the type of Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) surgery performed by the heart surgeons without the assistance of a heart-lung machine (cardiopulmonary bypass), while the heart is still beating and pumping blood.
The other type of surgery is on pump CABG that is done with the assistance of bypass pump.
CABG is a surgical procedure is commonly performed to treat a coronary artery disease which is caused by the building up of plaque (a waxy substance) in the blood vessels, thereby narrowing the path for free blood circulation.
During the procedure, a healthy vein taken usually from a leg or an arm is grafted to replace the blocked artery. After CABG, the blood flow is routed through the new path bypassing the blocked path. The surgeon might have to bypass more than one block during a coronary artery bypass.
The objective of this procedure is to carry out the bypass surgery without stopping the functions of heart or lungs. The heart will still be beating and pumping blood while the surgeon is grafting bypass veins to clear the blockages.
Off-pump CABG procedure is an advanced technique of coronary artery bypass that has been developed to evade any possible complications of on pump CABG. Both types on pump and off pump heart surgeries are highly effective.
CABG procedures have technically advanced overtime and the success rate is very high. However, in rare instances certain signs of complications relating to the surgery are indicated. Such bypass surgery risks include
The heart surgery recovery would take about 6-12 weeks depending on individual person's body conditions, although the tiredness may continue for at least 3 months. To ensure a speedy recovery keep in mind the following things: