Procedure for Varicose Vein Surgery Unilateral

General Surgery

What are Varicose Veins?

Varicose Veins are bulging, enlarged and twisted, bluish or purplish veins which are most commonly seen on legs and feet. Most patients suffering from this condition tend to seek medical advice not only due to pain or discomfort but also due to its bizarre sight which negatively affects the overall appearance.

What Causes Varicose Veins?

In our body, deoxygenated blood (non-purified) is pumped to the heart through a network of tube-like structures known as ‘Veins’. The heart purifies this blood by oxygen and pumps it all over the body, through what we call ‘arteries’. In order to maintain this blood flow in one direction, there are valves, located inside veins. People, affected by Varicose Veins or bulging veins on legs usually have weakened or less flexible walls, resulting in weaker valves that leads to pooling of blood inside and bulky, swollen veins filled with non-purified blood.

Although this condition can affect any vein of our body, the ones in legs and feet are the most affected, due to gravity which worsen this blood accumulation in the lower body. In some people varicose veins can be seen ‘significantly’ only on one leg which is then known as unilateral varicose veins whereas the ones affecting both sides are known as bilateral varicose veins.

What Are The Risk Factors For Varicose Veins?

  • Occupational factors (Prolonged postures like sitting and standing seen in house wives, garment workers)
  • Gender – Commonly seen in females Age over 50 years
  • Menopause
  • Hormonal replacement therapy
  • Oral contraceptive Pills
  • Pregnancy
  • Family history of varicose veins
  • Obesity
  • Chronic Constipation
  • Intra-abdominal tumors

What Are The Signs and Symptoms Of Varicose Veins?

  • Dull and achy discomfort.
  • Bulging veins in legs which are twisted in appearance.
  • Bluish complexion.
  • Heaviness in legs especially after standing for long hours and at night.
  • Burning sensation of legs.
  • Severe muscle cramps on sudden postural change.
  • Prolonged bleeding following trauma.
  • Hardening of fat beneath skin often seen above the ankles.
  • Swollen ankles.
  • Telangiectasia around the affected area (spider veins).
  • Venous eczema- Red and dry skin over the area which is itchy and causing consequent ulceration.

What Are The Steps You Can Follow For Varicose Vein Prevention?

There are some of the risk factors which can be avoided for varicose vein prevention.

  • Avoid prolonged standing
  • Dietary modifications for maintaining a healthy body mass index (BMI)
  • Engaging in physical activities which helps in effective blood circulation

What Are The Best Options Available For Varicose Vein Treatment?

  • Life style modifications to minimize the risk factors and pain killers are the initial ways to manage this condition.
  • Tying off (ligation) and stripping of larger veins and radio frequency therapy can be tried if the condition worsens to an extent of affecting your quality of life.
  • Laser treatment for varicose veins is indicated in patients who have smaller varicose veins or spider veins for a cosmetic objective. This non-invasive option is extremely preferred by women and known to provide a satisfactory success rate.
  • Varicose vein pain treatment usually involves general pain killers which should only be taken according to medical advice.
  • However, small yet bulky veins in legs not responding to any other treatment options can be treated with advanced laser treatment or sclerotherapy.

    Sclerotherapy is a highly successful and cost-effective treatment. This is carried out by injecting a solution into your veins which irritates the blood vessel lining causing the vein to swell and stick together; this will eventually turn in to a scar and fade. Sclerotherapy cost usually varies from $500-$600.

  • Phlebectomy is another minimally invasive procedure which can be used as one of the best treatment options for varicose veins. This is carried out by removing superficial varicose veins of the leg using a small scalpel.
  • Surgery for varicose veins is still preferred world-wide, owing to its long term effectiveness and unilateral varicose vein surgery is frequently performed as an outpatient procedure on bulky veins found only on one leg, where you get admitted to the hospital and leaves on the same day.

However, all these options depend on how severe your condition is and the preference of your surgeon. You can now visit best hospitals across the world for the most advanced varicose vein treatment options and high end professional health care service, which can be for highly affordable rates.

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