Fat transfer or fat grafting is a process wherein the excess fat from respective area is transferred to an area that lacks volume. For example, fat from the thigh area can be transferred to face, breasts, buttocks and hands. Hence, liposuction is undertaken to perform the process of fat transfer and fat removal. This process not only vacuums the fat but also contours the area. Apart from this, laser fat removal process is also popular.
Advantages of Fat Transfer
Using fat from patient’s own body, which is called autologous fat, reduces the risk of rejection and allergy.
The fat from abdomen and thighs is removed and fat injections are administered to the face to treat facial crease, crow’s-feet, fat, acne scars, forehead wrinkles, skin depression and indentations. It will minimise age lines and sunken areas of the face can also be filled.
Fat grafting of breast is done to achieve a moderate increase in breast size provided the breasts have a good shape and skin tone.
During breast implant, if the breast shape needs optimizing, fat transfer can be used. It will produce a smooth contour and an optimal shape.
Breast defects after lumpectomy can be treated by fat transfer / grafting. It can also be used after mastectomy.
Brazilian butt lift uses fat transfer to get a full volume, firm and rounded buttock.
Hands show the first and the most visible signs of ageing and the fat transfer reduces this by increasing the volume and soothing out the wrinkles.
Pre-Operative History and Evaluation is Done To:
Local anaesthesia along with intravenous (IV) sedatives are used for fat transfer, but for more anxious patient general anaesthesia is considered.
Fat is washed and purified after it is harvested from fat rich areas of the body. This is then injected into the specified areas that need augmentation. To get the desired result this procedure is repeated many times.
The Steps are:
A local aesthetic is administered to the site of fat harvesting. A small cut is made and liposuction is performed.
A centrifuge is used to remove the impurities. This fat obtained is processed for transfer to small syringes used for fat injections.
The site of augmentation is prepared. Along with the natural tissue planes the fatty tissue is deposited until the desired result is achieved the process is repeated
Common Sites for Fat Removal are:
Fat is liquefied using high-pitched sound waves in specific areas before it gets removed. This fat transfer treatment is used in treating hard areas namely, knees, neck, chin, ankles calves and cheeks.
Stay For Fat Transfer and Liposculpture Treatment
1 day before the surgery and 1 day after the surgery if there is no complications. The length of the actual surgery depends on the number of liposuction sites and the amount of fat removed.
Fat Transfer and Liposculpture Indications
The procedure would be recommended in following situations -