Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common health issue caused by the imbalance of hormones in women of reproductive age. The hormonal changes affect the normal functioning of the ovaries. PCOS thus affects your child-bearing ability, excess production of androgen (male hormones) and causes irregularity in periods. The Polycystic ovary syndrome leads to the development of high BP, diabetes, weight gain, excessive unwanted hair growth or hair thinning, and acne breakouts.
PCOS symptoms are mostly observed when a woman has her initial periods. However, a few of them discover the following signs and symptoms of PCOS when they face difficulty in conceiving or they have gained too much weight.
The common symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome are:
If a woman is facing at least two of these three main symptoms - irregular periods, high androgen levels, and ovarian cysts – the doctors will diagnose PCOS. The other tests that are further recommended to confirm the diagnosis are:
PCOS is treated with a combination of medication and other therapies listed below.
Approximately 70 – 80 percent of women face fertility issues due to PCOS. PCOS interferes with the normal menstrual cycle and thus increases the risk of pregnancy complications.
Women with PCOS have increased risks of premature delivery and miscarriage. They also face health issues like high blood pressure and gestational diabetes.
A preventive medical checkup can be very effective in diagnosing the disorder in time. Doctors recommend lifestyle changes and medications to treat PCOS.