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How Prediabetes Create Risk of a Heart Attack in Young Adults


How Prediabetes Create Risk of a Heart Attack in Young Adults

Young Adults with Prediabetes are at High Risk of Heart Attack

Did you know? A prediabetic condition is treatable. Beware! If prediabetes remains undetected for a long, it can develop into type 2 diabetes.

Once upon a time, known as the disease of the affluent, today, due to stress and physical inactivity diabetes, is a common lifestyle disease. Diabetes is a condition when the sugar levels in our blood are increased. The increased blood sugar levels, if not controlled cause several complications in the body and lead to serious life-threatening diseases.

Young adults, especially those between the age group 18-40 years, diagnosed with prediabetes are at risk. Do not be fooled by the word ‘young’ in young adults or the word ‘pre’ in prediabetes. In this competitive world, stress levels have increased and the sedentary lifestyle has taken a toll on the younger generation. Using the National inpatient sample, researchers analyzed that the young adults diagnosed with prediabetes had a 1.7 times higher chance of being hospitalized for heart attack than those with normal blood sugar levels.1

What is Prediabetes?

A condition when the blood sugar levels are high but not very high is classified as diabetes. It is also known as impaired glucose tolerance (high blood sugar levels after food consumption). It is also called impaired fasting glucose (high blood sugar before eating anything in the morning).

What can cause this condition of prediabetes?

Whenever you eat something, the sugar from that food gets absorbed into the cells for energy. This action is caused by ‘insulin’ a hormone released by the pancreas in the body. This insulin regulates the level of sugar. Prediabetes can occur if:

  • There is insulin resistance and the cells do not respond to the insulin produced.
  • The Pancreas is not producing sufficient insulin.
  • Metabolic disturbances.
  • In prediabetes, the blood sugar levels rise from 100ml/dL to 125ml/dL.2

    Who is likely to develop prediabetes?

  • If you are Obese or overweight
  • Have a first relative (parents or siblings) with diabetes type 2
  • Have a genetic history of diabetes
  • Have a history of gestational diabetes
  • Lack of any form of physical activity
  • Have PCOS (Polycystic ovary syndrome)
  • Have metabolic syndrome (A combination of high cholesterol levels and high blood pressure and obesity)

Why is it important to treat prediabetes?

Prediabetes if left untreated will eventually progress to type 2 diabetes. Prediabetes on its own is also harmful to the body.? More than 1,200,000 in the Emirates are currently living with Prediabetes3. It is a serious health condition that needs lifestyle modifications and regular screening and checking. The chances of getting a heart attack or stroke are very high in people diagnosed with prediabetes. High blood sugar levels have an impact on cardiovascular events. The high sugar levels cause inflammation of the blood vessels thus, narrowing them. That eventually leads to blockages. Having prediabetes significantly increases the chances of any adverse or major cardiovascular event. Symptoms are often not visible until the advanced stages. By then, the harm is done.

What are some of the symptoms of Prediabetes?

Although prediabetes does not have any specific symptoms, some people can experience

  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • People with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) may notice thick, dark patches on the skin. A condition called ‘acanthosis nigricans’. That happens when there is insulin resistance due to PCOS.
  • A blurry vision
  • It is best to consult the doctor immediately if you experience any of the above-mentioned symptoms.?

    Steps to overcome prediabetes:

    Now, that we know, that prediabetes is a big deal, it's equally important to take the correct steps to overcome it. Since it is preventable, do your best to keep it at bay.
  • Work with your doctor on a diet plan
  • Regular exercise
  • Manage stress
  • Cut down sugar

Prediabetes is asymptomatic and usually flies under the radar, making it difficult to diagnose. If you are a young adult with high stress and a sedentary lifestyle, you need to go for a health check-up today! Your best bet is to do a regular health screening and monitor your blood sugar levels.? We at Indus health plus believe prevention is better than cure. We have many cost-effective, preventive health care packages that can suit your need. These health check-ups are crucial in detecting any health disorder or disease, in its nascent stages. These can be treated well in time.? It is time you took your health seriously. Remember the key to good health is preventive healthcare! Visit our webpage. Health Checkup Packages Dubai | Abu Dhabi | Sharjah | Al Ain to know more. Our health care experts will be happy to guide you. Take the first step to good health… You are just a call away!

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